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Classic old buildings in Chongqing I

Although Chongqing has been through drastic changes, it has already become a prosperous metropolis. However, in the corners of the city, there are some mottled old buildings whose glorious years in the past may have influenced the fate of Chongqing or even the entire China.

Ci Mu Church
In the third year of Xuantong Reign of the Qing Dynasty (1911), the East Sichuan Catholic Parish built Cimushan Abbey (also called Pei De Tang) on Nan'an District's Guanyinshan Mountain. In 2003, the Cimushan Abbey Scripture Hall was officially named "Ci Mu Church".

Address: Xiayao, Jiguanshi Town, Nan'an District
Wang Quan Tai Hao (Wang Quantai's)
Built by the America's Dinners Company in 1850, the building which later became Wang Quantai's Silk Shop is the earliest foreign-style house in the city of Chongqing.

Address: No. 142, Baixiang Street, Yuzhong District
French Navy Battalion
In 1902, French naval officer Hulstre, leading the Survey Team on French warships, set up the French Navy Battalion in Chongqing's Nan'an District. In 1911 after the Xinhai Revolution, it was turned into the French Consulate.

Address: Qiantai Lane, Binjiang Road, Nan'an District
July 7th Anti-Japanese Auditorium
After the full-scale Anti-Japanese War broke out in 1937, the National Central University moved west into Chongqing and jointly ran the university with Chongqing University. In 1938, Gu Mengyu, the president of the National Central University took charge of the construction of Songlinpo Auditorium in the Chongqing University Campus, which became an important stage for anti-Japanese movements of the teachers and students of the two universities. In memory of the July 7th Incident, the auditorium was later named July 7th Anti-Japanese Auditorium. Zhou Enlai, US vice-president Wallace, Huang Yanpei, Tao Xingzhi, and Zou Taofen all once gave memorable speeches there.

Address: Campus A, Chongqing University, Shapingba District
Site of UK-China Liaison Office
Built in 1910, the Site of UK-China Liaison Office, first known as Zhen Yuan Tang covers an area of 391.18 square metres. It was once used by the Japanese in the 1930s. From 1939 to 1946, the UK-China Liaison Office was set up there, where China and the UK once exchanged intelligence, making a contribution to the Anti-Japanese War.

Address: Wusi Road Junction, Jiefangbei, Yuzhong District (inside former Courtyard of Chongqing Public Security Bureau)
Zhazi Cave
Zhazi Cave used to be a small coal mine in suburban Chongqing which was opened by Cheng Erchang in 1920 and got its name for its reputation of "more cinder and less coal". In 1939, the secret agents from the Bureau of Investigation and Statistics of the Military Council of Kuomintang hounded the owner of the mine to death, forcibly occupied the mine, and set up prisons there.

Address: 1km from the Martyrs' Mausoleum at Mount Gele, Shapingba District
Bai Mansion
Bai Mansion used to be a villa owned by Sichuan warlord Bai Ju. In 1939, the Bureau of Investigation and Statistics of the Military Council of Kuomintang reconstructed it into a detention centre to hold political prisoners. With one floor and one basement in the building, the ten-plus rooms on the floor were reconstructed into prisons, while the basement was reconstructed into dungeons.

Address: Lingyun Road, Mount Gele, Shapingba District
Zhou Residence
In the winter of 1938, for the convenience of his work, Zhou Enlai rented the house in his own name to be used as the main office place of the Southern Secretariat of the Central Committee of CPC in the city.

Address: Exit of Zengjiayan Light Rail Station, 4th Zhongshan Road, Yuzhong District (Chongqing Municipal Party Committee and People's Government)