マコーレーはイギリスの議会でインドの文化について話しましたか?


6

インドに関する英国議会でのマコーレー卿の演説についての口コミと一節があります。

image of speech of Macaulay in the British parliament

"I have travelled across the length and breadth of India and I have not seen one person who is a beggar, who is a thief such wealth I have seen in this country, such high moral values, people of such caliber, that I do not think we would ever conquer this country, unless we break the very backbone of this nation, which is her spiritual and cultural heritage and therefore, I propose that we replace her old and ancient education system, her culture, for if the Indians think that all that is foreign and English is good and greater than their own, they will lose their selfesteem, their native culture and they will become what we want them, a truly dominated nation". - Lord Macaulay's address to the British Parliament 2nd February 1835

この引用によると、マコーレーは外国の文化と英語に焦点を当てたインドの教育システムを提案し、その過程で古代インドの文化を破壊したいと考えていました。

English Education Act of 1835を導入する際、マコーレーは議会で何を話しましたか?彼は、人々が自分の文化を忘れるように、インドで英語を導入することについて話しましたか?

15

Not only was parliament dissolved at the time the claim states he made this address, but Lord Macauley wasn't even in the country.

He'd left for India in December 1834 and then stayed there for the next five years.

https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/a-minute-for-macaulay/article19547458.ece

It is possible that the author of the claim was merely mistaken about the context of something that he did say, but they were definitely incorrect in what they are claiming. Macauley did write a piece about education in India on that day, however the above quoted piece does not feature in it at all. Although he argued for removing support for some of the Hindu and Islamic schools, to be replaced with the teaching of English, this was in the belief that the interests of the people of India would be best served by doing so.

It is possible to make natives of this country thoroughly good English scholars, and that to this end our efforts ought to be directed.

The full text can be found here:

http://home.iitk.ac.in/~hcverma/Article/Macaulay-Minutes.pdf

For the record, both Vice and The Quint have debunked this particular claim some time ago.